If you are a novice cannabis grower, we would hate to give you the bad news, but to set proper expectations, cannabis cultivation will never be a perfect task. You will encounter a few humps and bumps along the way. But we can help you with that, if you are looking into buying the best autoflower cannabis seeds for your garden, it’s best to know what are the major problems you might encounter.
You might think that because a lot of people have ventured into cannabis cultivation business, the problems have been lessened. Unfortunately, it hasn’t since the challenges of the marijuana industry will come from different factors and the types of strains and their genetics will also cause it.
Here’s the 5 major problem you will encounter when you grow autoflower cannabis seeds and their possible cures. You can use this as a future reference for your marijuana garden.
Regardless of the location of where you place your cannabis plants, it can experience heat stress. In fact, indoor and outdoor heat stress will look the same for your cannabis plant. Heat stress will turn the leaf edges yellow and will appear burnt.
If you are an indoor grower, you can adjust the position of your plant to make sure it does not catch every single ounce of sunlight especially during the peak hours of sunshine. You can also adjust the position of your grow lamps if you are using one.
It might be more difficult to control heat stress for outdoor growers as this will need the construction of simple tools that you can use. You can build a simple screen that will serve as the plant’s shade against harsh sunlight.
Sowing your autoflower seeds at the right season will definitely help since you know the approximate time it will take for you to harvest. You can study the local weather in your area to check if the weather will change in the next few days-months so you can have contingency plans.
Overwatering or Underwatering
I know that for new growers, a little excitement might sink in and might have them watering the plant more than what they need. Watering the plant can be tricky for some since you’re not really sure if your plant is getting enough water. You will only see the results of this if your plant looks droopy and sickly or their roots are already infested with harmful bacteria and fungi.
This will cause the plant leaves to turn yellow and drop off, buds will have abnormal growth and flowers will die and succumb to illnesses. But as a cannabis cultivator, you should be able to tell if your plant is getting the right amount of water.
You can observe the behavior of the plant after your watering schedule. An obvious sign that your plant is underwatered is the soil cracks above. While for overwatered plants, you can stick your fingertips a few centimeters into the soil and it will still be wet after a few minutes. Another good way is for you to lift up your pot plants; you should be able to determine if the plants need watering or no.
Cannabis growers will also keep track of their watering schedule, this way the wet-dry cycle of the cannabis plant is maintained efficiently.
Nutrient Burn in Autoflower Cannabis Seeds and Plants
As marijuana plant goes through different stages of development, it also needs different nutrient levels. Even autoflower cannabis seeds will need a certain amount of nutrient in order for it to start developing. The nutrient burn will happen if your cannabis plant is overfed with nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. When you give your cannabis plant too much of these nutrients, it will only show stress symptoms.
You can easily pinpoint that your cannabis plant has nutrient burn once you see the tips of the leaves turning brown and it will bend slightly making a “claw” formation. Nutrient burn can be seen in a few leaves of the entire plant.
A good way to prevent nutrient burn is to control yourself from adding too many nutrients to the plant. You can also use a ppm meter; this is a device that checks the mineral level in the soil. Ideal ppm level is 850ppm during the vegetative stage and 1050 during the flowering stage.
It’s also good to know that the cannabis plant uses up a large number of their nutrients if they are placed under strong lights. You should also consider if the lighting system in your grow area is weak. If your soil has high levels of nutrients, you can lessen this by flushing it with pH-adjusted water, preferably distilled water. Add enough water so it drains at the bottom part and gets rid of the excess nutrients.
Common Pests, Plague and Pathogens
These are some of the common pests, plague, and pathogens that your autoflower seeds or plants might encounter.
Fungi and Mold
Fungi are not always considered a bad guy. What you can do is add a beneficial fungus to your plant to stop the growth of the bad fungi. Make sure that your grow area has good air circulation. You can buy a good quality fan to make sure that optimal environmental conditions are achieved from seed to harvest.
Pets, Rodents, and Slugs
Make sure that your pet is no way near the growing area because even though your pet is well-groomed, it can still bring in nasty insects in the plants. You can use conventional traps for rodents. While for slugs, you can use salt to repel them from entering the growing area.
Just like us humans, cannabis plants also enjoy a gentle breeze flowing. But if the wind becomes too intense, it causes stress for the plant. This usually happens in indoor gardens with fans placed in awkward positions, therefore, blowing air abruptly. For outdoor gardens, this may not be a big deal since the wind level stabilizes within the day.
Observe the leaves closest to the fan, if you see them curling up, then that is a sign of wind burn. Position your fan correctly so that it will give a gentle breeze for the cannabis plant and not like the plants are in the middle of a hurricane. It would be best if your fan has several settings you can choose from so that wind level is kept at an optimum level.