Cannabis Plant Anatomy and Morphology

cannabis plant anatomy

Whether you are a cannabis grower, a medicinal consumer, or a common fair stoner, it can be useful to understand the anatomy of the cannabis plant. The same goes for vegetables and fruits, it really pays to understand the fundamentals. Else way, you might just go home having the wrong kind of products. Jeremy Szafron said that basic knowledge with plants helps a lot in buying the right variety.

Of course, you do not have to earn a degree in order to learn botany, however, it aids to familiarize certain phytotomy fundamentals. Such as, if you just blow your time and effort cropping male plants or maybe how to recognize a hermaphrodite. Of if you have been marveling what precisely is a calyx? All these queries can be answered after learning the anatomy and morphology of the cannabis plant.

What Makes an Entire Cannabis Plant?

Let us discuss the various parts of a cannabis plant:

1. Roots

Under the surface of the growing habitat, the roots are very occupied in synchronously securing and bringing nutrients to the cannabis plant. The root realm reposes a single tap root, which will prosper a lot of secondary roots up to the time that it turns a stringy mass.

The roots make a portion of the vascular system of the cannabis plant anatomy. Deep down the xylem is accountable for pushing out the water and the minerals from the roots up to the remaining portion of the plant. You may visualize xylem as the plumbing mechanism of the cannabis plant.

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2. Cotyledon Leaves

Cotyledon leaves are embryonic leaves that appear in seed-producing plants. These leaves are developed amid embryogenesis near the side of the root and the shoot meristems. This earliest growth is the fundamental leaf that is bound to occur after germination happens. The green look of cotyledons is a sign that chlorophyll is present, permitting the small leaves to perform photosynthesis during the early period of growth. Sooner, the very first group of leaves shall come up. Cannabis, being categorized as a dicotyledon, is a kind of flowering plant having an embryo that carries two cotyledons. Nevertheless, irregular growth can direct to the advancement of 3 to 4 cotyledons.

3. Main Stem and Branches

The main stem comes out from the root and backs up the cannabis plant as it grows vertically. Typically, the stem is the basic vascular roadway, bringing the water and minerals coming from the roots. It is also joined with the phloem. The secondary growth comes out from the main stem from what is being known as a leaf node.

Branching, on the other hand, appears in pairs coming from a leaf node on one or the other side of the stem. The space between the batches of branches is pointed out as the internode spacing. Overall, varieties that are indica-dominant possess shorter spacing on the internode compared to the varieties that are Sativa-dominant.

Every now and then, mutations may offer acceleration to abnormal branching. These mutant cannabis plants are still capable of producing and becoming potent, even though many growers immediately eliminate them.

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4. Fan Leaves

These leaves conform to symmetry and flourish by pair from the branches and main stem. Fan leaves also work to differentiate indica and Sativa cannabis. Dark and light green, broad leaves for the indica strains, bare slender fingers for the Sativa strains, is the method of judging. Hybrids are a combination of indica and Sativa.

More significantly, fan leaves function to serve as the solar panels of the cannabis plant. They absorb the entire available light, and deep down the phloem carries the energy to the entire parts of the plant. You may visualize phloem as something that functions similarly to the electrical wirings installed in the walls at your home.

Moreover, fan leaves are important to photosynthesis and should never be trimmed too much. The shade leaves may be taken out behind time in bloom if hindering the lower bud sites.

5. Calyxes

Calyxes are the little clusters formed similarly to a teardrop, which establishes a cannabis bud. The leaves shall grow from mid and over the calyxes.

Non-pollinated flowers are the sole flowers that can bloom plentifully. If the pistil is being pollinated, what happens is that the calyx under turns the ovary. This modifies the functionality of being a seed incubator.

There are some buds that can be very difficult with solid groupings of plenty of little calyxes. Other buds can possess bigger calyxes in a sloppy structure. Overall, the influence of indica cannabis is what is giving the majority of cannabis its compact look.

6. Pistils

Pistils are commonly named as the hairs. It helps you determine the female plants in your cannabis garden. Before reaching the flowering stage, the female plants will illustrate the different pistil coming from the leaf nodes to warn the grower.

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While in the stage of flowering, they will convert in color from white to becoming orange or red as the bud matures.


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